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Validating the Performance of the Modified Early Obstetric Warning System Multivariable Model to Predict Maternal Intensive Care Unit Admission.

TitleValidating the Performance of the Modified Early Obstetric Warning System Multivariable Model to Predict Maternal Intensive Care Unit Admission.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsRyan, H, Jones, M, Payne, BA, Sharma, S, Hutfield, A, Lee, T, Ukah, V, Walley, K, Magee, LA, von Dadelszen, P
JournalJ Obstet Gynaecol Can
Volume39
Issue9
Pagination728-733.e3
Date Published2017 Sep
ISSN1701-2163
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of the Modified Early Obstetric Warning System (MEOWS) to predict maternal ICU admission in an obstetric population.

DESIGN: Case-control study.

SETTING: Two maternity units in Vancouver, Canada, one with ICU facilities, between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2011.

PATIENTS: Pregnant or recently delivered (≤6 weeks) women admitted to the hospital for >24 hours. Three control patients were randomly selected per case and matched for year of admission.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Retrospective, observational, case-control validation study investigating the physiologic predictors of admission in the 24-hour period preceding either ICU admission >24 hours (cases) or following admission (control patients). Model performance was assessed based on sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values. Forty-six women were admitted to the ICU for >24 hours (0.51/1000 deliveries); the study included 138 randomly selected control patients. There were no maternal deaths in the cohort. MEOWS had high sensitivity (0.96) but low specificity (0.54) for ICU admission >24 hours, whereas ≥1 one red trigger maintained sensitivity (0.96) and improved specificity (0.73).

CONCLUSION: Altering MEOWS trigger parameters may improve the accuracy of MEOWS in predicting ICU admission. Formal modelling of a MEOWS scoring system is required to support evidence-based care.

DOI10.1016/j.jogc.2017.01.028
Alternate JournalJ Obstet Gynaecol Can
Citation Key614
PubMed ID28566256