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Massive Urinary Protein Excretion Associated with Greater Neonatal Risk in Preeclampsia.

TitleMassive Urinary Protein Excretion Associated with Greater Neonatal Risk in Preeclampsia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMateus, J, Newman, R, Sibai, B, Li, Q, Barton, J, C Combs, A, Guzman, E, Boggess, KA, Gyamfi, C, von Dadelszen, P, Woelkers, D
JournalAJP Rep
Date Published2017 Jan

 The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of preeclamptic pregnancies according to the proteinuria level.  Secondary analysis of a multicenter prospective cohort study of women with preeclampsia (PE) symptomatology. Nonproteinuria, mild-proteinuria, and massive-proteinuria PEs were defined as: < 165 mg in 12 hours or < 300 mg in 24 hours, 165 mg to 2.69 g in 12 hours or 300 mg to 4.99 g in 24 hours, and ≥ 2.7 g in 12 hours or ≥ 5.0 g in 24 hours, respectively. Individual and composite maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes were compared among the PE groups.  Of the 406 analyzed pregnancies, 36 (8.8%) had massive-proteinuria PE, 268 (66.0%) mild-proteinuria PE, and 102 (25.1%) nonproteinuria PE. Compared with the other groups, massive-proteinuria PE women had significantly higher blood pressures ( < 0.001), epigastric pain ( = 0.007), and uric acid serum levels ( < 0.001) prior to delivery. Composite maternal morbidity was similar across the groups. Delivery < 34 weeks occurred in 80.6, 49.3, and 22.5% of massive-proteinuria, mild-proteinuria, and nonproteinuria PE groups, respectively ( < 0.0001). Composite adverse neonatal outcomes were significantly higher in the massive-proteinuria PE compared with the other groups ( = 0.001).  While potentially not important diagnostically, massive proteinuria is associated with more severe clinical manifestations of PE prompting earlier delivery.

Alternate JournalAJP Rep
Citation Key607
PubMed ID28348923
PubMed Central IDPMC5365400